Eczema refers to a chronic dermatitis. There are several types of eczema, the most common being atopic dermatitis (AD). It affects 10% or more of children and about 7% of adults in the United States. It is described as red,
dry, scaly skin and is commonly found on sensitive skinfold areas (inner wrist, inner arms, behind the knees and on the neck) and the face and hands. A common description of AD is that it is the “itch that rashes and the rash that itches.